Tadros has listed 6 patterns of prediction in text. Each type forms
a pair, with a predictive part V and a predicted part D - sometimes
they are in separate sentences, or separated by colon, dash, or
by phrases. There are several rules for formation of these :-
Enumeration. For example
- The major points are
- The following, for example, are all short story openings
- there are a number of ways in which
.. (and about 50 different
words can be substituted for ways)
Advance Labelling e.g.
- This allows us to make the important distinction between
(where the author is promising to make the distinction he is signalling)
- We can show this is a simple diagram
- Consider now the
. of a firm
Reporting can use factive verbs (show, realise, prove, know)
or non-factive (claim, suggest, think, state) With the factives,
they are being expressed as the authors opinion, but non-factives,
the author is not committed to the truth of his statement. There
are nearly 60 verbs in this category.
- it was mentioned earlier
- in chapter
- Suppose the legislator could draft rules
- Let us call the two people X and Y
- If X were not elusive
- rhetorical questions such as "Is college worthwhile ?"
- "How can we reconcile X and Y"
Complex patterns are also possible (Tadros, 1994, p. 69-82
This tabulation gives an idea of the way that time (and the future)
is included in our thoughts and in discourse in general